How To Knit a Swatch In a Hurry

Before you knit something with your new yarn, you’ve got to knit a swatch.

Hank of Araucanía Azapa in light lilac (lila claro)
You’ve got to see it knitted up – to know what size needles it looks best on, to know how soft it is, and above, to know what gauge you get – before you can know what you want to do with it.

What’s Stopping You From Swatching? Perfectionism.

A lot of knitters don’t swatch because they feel like swatches have to take a long time to knit, or that the swatches have to be perfect – that the little squares have to look good, maybe be useful for a blanket or something some day…

Don’t let this be you! The faster you get to making a swatch and checking your gauge, the faster you can get to the good part: knitting something beautiful.

Lose The Perfectionism And Make A Swatch Already

Here are a few tricks to help you lose your perfectionism and get swatching FAST:

1) Make the swatch only as big as you feel like making it. Two inches across, if you want.

2) Make a one-row garter-stitch edging. Knit the first AND second rows of the swatch in garter stitch before continuing in stockinette stitch. When it’s time to bind off, bind off knitwise on a purl row.

3) Tie knots in the tail of your yarn to correspond with the needle size you used on the swatch. This will help you remember if you decide to try a few different needle-sizes.

4) Quickly block your swatch: stick it in a glass of water with a little soap for 10 minutes, then squeeze it out and lay it flat to dry. That way you can see how the yarn will really look in a finished garment.

Check Your Gauge And Write It On The Yarn Tag

Now, measure your gauge and jot it down on the yarn tag. This way, when you see a pattern you like, you can say to yourself, Yes, I have a yarn that would be perfect for this. And you’ll have the swatch to back it up.

Here’s my imperfect, tiny, quick, and totally adequate swatch of the above yarn. Easy!

Tiny Araucanía swatch - lilac

Related Tutorials:

If you liked this tutorial on how to knit a swatch, post in the comments!

About Liat Gat - Founder

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28 Responses to How To Knit a Swatch In a Hurry

  1. Jill says:

    If you were buying yarn before having a pattern to make it up in, how would you decide how much to buy? Signed, Obviously Not As Addicted As I Thought!

    • liatmgat says:

      Hi Jill, great question! I usually try to have some sort of project in mind when I buy yarn, so that I buy the right amount. I’m usually thinking to myself, “oh, I’ll make legwarmers with this!” or “this would be great for a cabled beret!” It’s rare that I buy a skein of yarn “just because,” but when I do, I make sure to at least have 150-200 yards so I can make a hat or a pair of mittens or socks.

      I wouldn’t worry about making sure to have enough yarn for the swatch – it uses up hardy any yarn, and if you need it at the end of your project, you can always unravel it and use it.

  2. Elaine says:

    The other concern would be how much yarn to buy even if you have a pattern that you plan to use. The swatch would take up some yardage, too. Would the best solution be to always buy a extra skein of yarn?

    • liatmgat says:

      Hi Elaine, good thinking! Like I mentioned to Jill in the other comment, I really don’t think the swatch would take up a significant amount of yardage to make a difference for your pattern. The good thing is, you can always unravel your swatch and use the yarn again!

      One nice thing to keep in mind: whenever a pattern calls for almost an entire skein of yarn, in my experience the designer will tell you – something like, “Caution: you will have just enough yarn to make the large size of this garment” or something like that. That way you aren’t inadvertently wasteful!

  3. Rhonda says:

    So, you can always do the swatch like this? You don’t have to make it the same stitches used in the pattern? Like if you, for instance, were doing some sort of lacy stitch?

    • liatmgat says:

      Actually, that depends on what stitch was used to achieve the gauge given in the pattern. The pattern will say something like, “Gauge: 4 sts/in in St st.” In this case you would want to do your gauge swatch in Stockinette stitch (like I did, above).

      If the pattern says “gauge: 3 repeats of zig-zag lace pattern in 4 inches” then you’ll have to swatch up a piece of the lace pattern (say 5 repeats) and measure how big 3 of your repeats is.

      It’s easier for knitters when designers give the gauge in Stockinette stitch, but it’s easier for lazy designers to give the gauge in whatever pattern they wrote the garment in.

  4. Letinola says:

    I want to get one of your Stix gauges but cannot find to buy. I went to
    The Stix site but get anything there. Thx much & love your videos & learned much! I’m a new knitter.

    • liatmgat says:

      Oh, I know! Their shoppable website isn’t quite up yet. Just give them a call at (406) 566-5786 and they can send you one. I’m so glad you love the videos! Please keep following my blog, I will teach you everything I know!

  5. emmy says:

    hello! can you tell me what kind of yarn is pictured?

  6. Pingback: How to Get Good At The Provisional Cast-On | Tibia Scoop

  7. Rosie Kessler says:

    Thank You Liat, Thank You so much for giving me permission to cheat at knitting swatches . I hate having to waste time knitting up swatches and never could understand why it had to be so large .

  8. Alison says:

    Ha! My keenness for swatching was what gave me the clue that I’m a process rather than a product knitter. I will happily knit swatch after swatch in different stitches then tuck it all back into the stash. I should rethink this, maybe…

  9. Carmen says:

    I had read a tip about adding yo/k2tog “holes” to indicate the size needle you used. But I almost like the knot tip better. If your pattern is more of a straight stockinette, the lace could change the gauge

  10. HB says:

    Maybe now I’ll start knitting watches….You’ve convinced me with your tips=:)

  11. Wendy says:

    Hi Liat!
    You provide such helpful tips! Thanks!
    You previously offered a helpful gauge tool and said that, if we emailed you to request one,, you would send one out … I did, but you didn’t! ;) I know you are very busy and that was around the time of your tv tour, but I really would like to have one. Please let me know … How do I get it?

    • Girjaa says:

      Hi Liat,
      I am 64yr- young;-)) new knitter, AND CONTINENTAL and so grateful for your generous website and your CAN-D0, make me laugh ATTITUDE, Liat! You are my go-to, every time I pick up a new pattern with a new knitting code. I have worked and trained in the area of addictions forever, and more recently in trauma-informed…and am thrilled with how GROUNDING and therapeutic knitting is! you rock, Liat
      and yes, if those knitting gauges are still available, I would love one! An alternative, if you have, may be to send me a pdf clear picture of one, that I could then copy onto heavy plastic, and cut to size??
      thanks again, Girjaa

  12. Perfect article! Thank you!! Do you have a video on picking up stitches, say around the neckline? I have the hardest time with picking up stitches, and I just know a video from you would clear up the technique for lots of folks that struggle with it! Thank you so much!

  13. Mary says:

    I’ve always heard that if I’m going to knit in the round, my swatch must also be knit in the round. Is this really necessary? Do you have an easy way to do this (if it is necessary)?

  14. Maura says:

    I am a reluctant swatch knitter – can’t wait to get started on a new project and always felt it was a waste of time….however I do knit them when it’s a big project because my sweaters etc always come up so big. I try to reduce the size of the needle but still too big. Trouble is I have an enormous stash of yarn ( I see it on offer and cannot resist buying). So then I have to find a pattern to use which matches the yarn I have. I know I know – I can see you frowning at this but I am impulsive. So the usual scenario for me is a nice yarn with a pattern which has ‘similar’ yarn….no wonder I am struggling! I am in the middle of a project for an edge to edge ladies jacket and already I can see it is way too big according to the pattern measurements despite doing a swatch of 4″ and changing needle size to achieve the correct gauge. What else could be causing this problem do you think. I am not a loose knitter so I am stumped.

  15. Carolina says:

    Thanks, you have now made it easy enough to actually do it.

  16. Susan says:

    Great swatch tips! Thank you!

  17. Gale says:

    I make my gauge swatches and put them in a binder where I keep my stash. I have paper tags I tie on with the tail and I have holes on the cardstock to weave in the piece with the other tail. And, if using the suggested needle size on the band doesn’t look right to me, I will make another in a different needle size. I write notes based on knitting the swatches because some yarns look nice but are awful to knit with.

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